Tokoviki

The age structure of the current grouse has been little studied and has not been adequately covered in the literature. When studying the ecology of chicken birds of Western Siberia (1949 - 1954), I was able to gather factual material about the age composition of the scythe on the currents in Baraba. Based on these data, you can make some thoughts about the so-called "tokovikov."

In early spring, fully grown-up black grouses mainly talk; They are the first to start marriage games and songs. Kosachis who have not reached the year are included in the marriage games and songs a little later. And only in the midst of currents, young people talk almost on a par with adults. At this time, on 7 tokovischakh, I shot down selectively 30 recklessly mumbled and chuppy kosachs, of which 17 were adults and 13 were young (last year’s output). Seed plants of birds of both age groups were 2–2.5 ra, for more seed grouse caught outside the mating season: 15.6–22.8 mm versus 7.6–10.1 mm. In the late spring and early summer, when the grouse currents are already fading, both young and adult males sing to them equally.

The first to arrive at the tokovisch, the adult kosachs begin to chufykat and mumble; sometime later they are joined by the young. The latter often do not stay in the center of the tokovisch, but on its outskirts or mumble while sitting on the nearest trees, and then only descend to the tokovische. Sometimes young black grouses continue to current in the trees all morning, or settle down on the ground near previously selected trees somewhat away from the main tokovische (usually in those cases when the black grouse sit on these trees). But more often, young people, as the currents develop, are grouped on the main tokovische, arriving here after adults or somewhat later.

In spring, young grouse wear nyadry, received in the first autumn of their life as a result of post-juvenile molting, and are well distinguished from more adult ones.

On one current in Baraba on April 30, 1954, from 4 hours 10 minutes to 5 hours 45 minutes I shot 7 of 24 black grouse arriving at the tokovisch at different times. The two harvested roosters, who first began chufykat and mumble, were adults, large birds (weight 1560 and 1590 g) and had testicles 21.9 and 18.9 mm long. The remaining five were one-year-old (more precisely, eleven-month-old) males, also quite large (weight 1400, 1350, 1400, 1350 and 1420 g) with testicles 16.7; 18.1; 18.2; 17.9 and 19.3 mm; they flew to the tokovisch from the nearest trees an hour or more after the old males began to current on it.

Since the time of A.P. Sabaneev, in the hunting literature there is a widespread opinion that there are “tokovikov”, which, moreover, are supposedly the leaders of winter flocks. It is believed that on each current there is one current - the oldest kosach, which first starts to flow in the spring and “opens the current” every morning with its chufykan; that it is enough to die such a tokovik so that this current disintegrates. This opinion could be confirmed as a result of insufficiently accurate observations.

The fact is that at the beginning of the morning toking on large currents of black grouse, located on the margins of tokovishch and on trees, they start mumbling (often together) only after the song is heard in the center of the tokovishch. It is easy to observe. It is much more difficult to notice which kosach starts the song first. It’s simply impossible to prove by visual observation that every morning the first bird makes the same bird, it’s just impossible: it’s a guess. It is possible to explain this picture of the beginning of the morning current without resorting to the help of “tokovikov”.

Selective shooting of tokens show that adults are located in the center of the current, and on the outskirts are young. Since the former have greater sexual activity, they begin to be the first to become current. The shooting of the “Tokovik” that I carried out in the four cases already mentioned did not lead to the ruin of any of the currents; he did not even interrupt the tokaniya for an hour. Moreover, as the observations show, quite often, especially in the evenings, the males flock to the tokovische not alone, but in groups, 2–3 or even 5 individuals, with several kosachs starting the song at once. Thus, detailed observations in the forest-steppe Arab Arab allow us to conclude that there are no special “tokovikov” on the current, at least in birds of the specified locality.

Reports of hunters on specific observations on the currents of various geographical areas of our country will help to resolve these issues of interest to hunting and zoological science. All available whores of Brewster place the profiles on the website USAwhores.top